After work, I went for a walk and took some pictures. I think I'm probably better suited to sticking to the night skies, photography-wise.
Cropped, and aligned.
This guy was a passenger on one of the above.
tool to generate fake key events
This package contains a small tool that can be used to generate key events as if the corresponding key was pressed. It is used by scripts processing ACPI events to translate these events to key presses but can also be used separately.
scripts for handling many ACPI events
This package contains scripts to react to various ACPI events. It only includes scripts for events that can be supported with some level of safety cross platform.
It is able to:
* Detect loss and gain of AC power, lid closure, and the press of a
number of specific buttons (on Asus, IBM, Lenovo, Panasonic, Sony
and Toshiba laptops).
* Suspend, hibernate and resume the computer, with workarounds for
hardware that needs it.
* On some laptops, set screen brightness.
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface event daemon
Modern computers support the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) to allow intelligent power management on your system and to query battery and configuration status.
ACPID is a completely flexible, totally extensible daemon for delivering ACPI events. It listens on netlink interface (or on the deprecated file /proc/acpi/event), and when an event occurs, executes programs to handle the event. The programs it executes are configured through a set of configuration files, which can be dropped into place by packages or by the admin.
cron-like program that doesn't go by time
Anacron (like `anac(h)ronistic') is a periodic command scheduler. It executes commands at intervals specified in days. Unlike cron, it does not assume that the system is running continuously. It can therefore be used to control the execution of daily, weekly and monthly jobs (or anything with a period of n days), on systems that don't run 24 hours a day. When installed and configured properly, Anacron will make sure that the commands are run at the specified intervals as closely as machine-uptime permits.
This package is pre-configured to execute the daily jobs of the Debian system. You should install this program if your system isn't powered on 24 hours a day to make sure the maintenance jobs of other Debian packages are executed each day.
Utilities for Advanced Power Management (APM)
On laptop computers, the Advanced Power Management (APM) support provides access to battery status information and may help you to conserve battery power, depending on your laptop and the APM implementation. The apmd program also lets you run arbitrary programs when APM events happen (for example, you can eject PCMCIA devices when you suspend, or change hard drive timeouts when you connect the battery).
This package contains apmd(8), a daemon for logging and acting on APM events; and apm(1), a client that prints the information in /proc/apm in a readable format.
apmd is notified of APM events by the APM driver in the kernel.
Since lenny Debian kernels are not built with APM support anymore. You need to compile a kernel with apm support enabled to use this package. You need to boot the kernel with the "apm=on" option if you want to enable the driver.
In most cases, users may want to know that there are newer power management schemes, like ACPI.
In some Unix-like computer operating systems it uses a daemon, atd, which waits in the background periodically checking the list of jobs to do and executing those at their scheduled time on behalf of at. (source)
Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD daemon
Avahi is a fully LGPL framework for Multicast DNS Service Discovery. It allows programs to publish and discover services and hosts running on a local network with no specific configuration. For example you can plug into a network and instantly find printers to print to, files to look at and people to talk to.
This package contains the Avahi Daemon which represents your machine on the network and allows other applications to publish and resolve mDNS/DNS-SD records.
console font and keymap setup program
This package provides the Linux console with the same keyboard configuration scheme as the X Window System. As a result, there is no need to duplicate or change the keyboard files just to make simple customizations such as the use of dead keys, the key functioning as AltGr or Compose key, the key(s) to switch between Latin and non-Latin mode, etc.
The package also contains console fonts supporting many of the world's languages. It provides an unified set of font faces - the classic VGA, the simplistic Fixed, and the cleaned Terminus, TerminusBold and TerminusBoldVGA.
utilities to deal with the cpufreq Linux kernel feature
This package contains two utilities for inspecting and setting the CPU frequency through both the sysfs and procfs CPUFreq kernel interfaces.
By default, it also enables CPUFreq at boot time if the correct CPU driver is found.
process scheduling daemon
The cron daemon is a background process that runs particular programs at particular times (for example, every minute, day, week, or month), as specified in a crontab. By default, users may also create crontabs of their own so that processes are run on their behalf.
Output from the commands is usually mailed to the system administrator (or to the user in question); you should probably install a mail system as well so that you can receive these messages.
This cron package does not provide any system maintenance tasks. Basic periodic maintenance tasks are provided by other packages, such as checksecurity.
Common UNIX Printing System(tm) - server
The Common UNIX Printing System (or CUPS(tm)) is a printing system and general replacement for lpd and the like. It supports the Internet Printing Protocol (IPP), and has its own filtering driver model for handling various document types.
This package provides the CUPS scheduler/daemon and related file
simple interprocess messaging system (daemon and utilities)
D-Bus is a message bus, used for sending messages between applications. Conceptually, it fits somewhere in between raw sockets and CORBA in terms of complexity.
D-Bus supports broadcast messages, asynchronous messages (thus decreasing latency), authentication, and more. It is designed to be low-overhead; messages are sent using a binary protocol, not using XML. D-Bus also supports a method call mapping for its messages, but it is not required; this makes using the system quite simple.
It comes with several bindings, including GLib, Python, Qt and Java.
This package contains the D-Bus daemon and related utilities.
The client-side library can be found in the libdbus-1-3 package, as it is no longer contained in this package
metapackage to ease Exim MTA (v4) installation
Exim (v4) is a mail transport agent. exim4 is the metapackage depending on the essential components for a basic exim4 installation.
utilities to read temperature/voltage/fan sensors
Lm-sensors is a hardware health monitoring package for Linux. It allows you to access information from temperature, voltage, and fan speed sensors. It works with most newer systems.
This package contains a daemon that calculates fan speeds from temperatures and sets the corresponding PWM outputs to the computed values.
Filesystem in Userspace
Filesystem in Userspace (FUSE) is a simple interface for userspace programs to export a virtual filesystem to the Linux kernel. It also aims to provide a secure method for non privileged users to create and mount their own filesystem implementations.
GNOME Display Manager
gdm provides the equivalent of a "login:" prompt for X displays- it pops up a login window and starts an X session.
It provides all the functionality of xdm, including XDMCP support for managing remote displays.
The greeting window is written using the GNOME libraries and hence looks like a GNOME application- even to the extent of supporting themes! By default, the greeter is run as an unprivileged user for security.
tune hard disk parameters for high performance
Get/set device parameters for Linux SATA/IDE drives. Primary use is for enabling irq-unmasking and IDE multiplemode.
Linux console font and keytable utilities
This package allows you to set up the Linux console, change the font, resize text mode virtual consoles and remap the keyboard.
tools for managing Linux kernel modules
This package contains a set of programs for loading, inserting, and removing kernel modules for Linux. It replaces module-init-tools.
lm-sensorsutilities to read temperature/voltage/fan sensors
Lm-sensors is a hardware health monitoring package for Linux. It allows you to access information from temperature, voltage, and fan speed sensors. It works with most newer systems.
This package contains programs to help you set up and read data from lm-sensors.
a message of the day browser for X
Xmotd is a message-of-the-day browser for X11 (with additional sysvnews-like support for dumb terminals). It displays a customizable message box which displays each message-of-the-day until the user has read them all, and then creates a stamp-file.
network management framework daemon
NetworkManager attempts to keep an active network connection available at all times. It is intended only for the desktop use-case, and is not intended for usage on servers. The point of NetworkManager is to make networking configuration and setup as painless and automatic as possible. If using DHCP, NetworkManager is _intended_ to replace default routes, obtain IP addresses from a DHCP server, and change nameservers whenever it sees fit.
This package provides the userspace daemons.
NFS support files common to client and serve
Use this package on any machine that uses NFS, either as client or server. Programs included: lockd, statd, showmount, nfsstat, gssd, idmapd and mount.nfs.
RPC port mapper
Portmap is a server that converts RPC (Remote Procedure Call) program numbers into DARPA protocol port numbers. It must be running in order to make RPC calls.
Services that use RPC include NFS and NIS.
PPP is the protocol used for establishing internet links over dial-up modems, DSL connections, and many other types of point-to-point links. The pppd daemon works together with the kernel PPP driver to establish and maintain a PPP link with another system (called the peer) and to negotiate Internet Protocol (IP) addresses for each end of the link. Pppd can also authenticate the peer and/or supply authentication information to the peer. PPP can be used with other network protocols besides IP, but such use is becoming increasingly rare. (source)
/proc file system utilities
This package provides command line and full screen utilities for browsing procfs, a "pseudo" file system dynamically generated by the kernel to provide information about the status of entries in its process table (such as whether the process is running, stopped, or a "zombie").
It contains free, kill, pkill, pgrep, pmap, ps, pwdx, skill, slabtop, snice, sysctl, tload, top, uptime, vmstat, w, and watch.
converts RPC program numbers into universal addresses
The rpcbind utility is a server that converts RPC program numbers into universal addresses.
fast remote file copy program (like rcp)
rsync is a program that allows files to be copied to and from remote machines in much the same way as rcp. It has many more options than rcp, and uses the rsync remote-update protocol to greatly speed up file transfers when the destination file already exists.
The rsync remote-update protocol allows rsync to transfer just the differences between two sets of files across the network link.
This package also includes rsyncd daemon functionality.
enhanced multi-threaded syslogd
Rsyslog is an enhanced syslogd supporting, amongst others:
* reliable syslog over TCP and SSL/TLS
* on-demand disk buffering
* email alerting
* writing to MySQL or PostgreSQL databases (via separate output plugins)
* permitted sender lists
* filtering on any part of the syslog message
* on-the-wire message compression
* fine grained output format control
* backup log destinations
It is quite compatible to stock sysklogd and can be used as a drop-in replacement. Its advanced features make it suitable for enterprise-class, encryption protected syslog relay chains while at the same time being very easy to setup for the novice user
SMB/CIFS file, print, and login server for Unix
Samba is an implementation of the SMB/CIFS protocol for Unix systems, providing support for cross-platform file and printer sharing with Microsoft Windows, OS X, and other Unix systems. Samba can also function as an NT4-style domain controller, and can integrate with both NT4 domains and Active Directory realms as a member server.
This package provides the components necessary to use Samba as a stand-alone file and print server. For use in an NT4 domain or Active Directory realm, you will also need the winbind package.
This package is not required for connecting to existing SMB/CIFS servers (see smbclient) or for mounting remote filesystems (see cifs-utils).
secure shell client and server (metapackage)
This metapackage is a convenient way to install both the OpenSSH client and the OpenSSH server. It provides nothing in and of itself, so you may remove it if nothing depends on it.
Provide limited super user privileges to specific users
Sudo is a program designed to allow a sysadmin to give limited root privileges to users and log root activity. The basic philosophy is to give as few privileges as possible but still allow people to get their work done.
/dev/ and hotplug management daemon
udev is a daemon which dynamically creates and removes device nodes from /dev/, handles hotplug events and loads drivers at boot time.
X Window System (X.Org) infrastructure
x11-common contains the filesystem infrastructure required for further installation of the X Window System in any configuration; it does not provide a full installation of clients, servers, libraries, and utilities required to run the X Window System.
A number of terms are used to refer to the X Window System, including "X", "X Version 11", "X11", "X11R6", and "X11R7". The version of X used in Debian is derived from the version released by the X.Org Foundation, and is thus often also referred to as "X.Org". All of the preceding quoted terms are functionally interchangeable in an Debian system.
China should take significant steps to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions.
The USFG should take significant steps to curb greenhouse gas emissions.
Thatcher did more harm than good.
GMO's don't deserve their bad reputation.
"In politics the middle way is none at all."
The US should significantly decrease its use of weaponzied drones.
The USFG should significantly increase its domestic anti-terrorism efforts.
The USFG should cease use of weaponized drones in North Waziristan.
Obama is a lame duck President.
"If voting changed anything, they'd make it illegal."
The US Supreme Court should find Prop 8 unconstituional.
The Keystone XL Pipeline project should be approved.
The USFG should reinstate the assault rifles ban.
George W. Bush will be looked upon favorably by history.
"A genuine leader is not a searcher for consensus but a molder of consensus."
The USFG should significantly increase regulations for private universities.
The USFG should significantly increase funding for Community Colleges.
The USFG should remove cannabis from Schedule 1 of the Controlled Substances Act.
The GOP should elect Romney as their candidate.
The US should take military action in Syria.
The USFG should reform the patent system.
The US should make significant investments in nuclear power.
In politics opinions are more important than facts.
Anonymous is a force for good.
The new unemployment numbers are an accurate indicator of the economy’s long-term health.
The US should significantly reduce its nuclear stockpile.
Unions have outlived their usefulness.
An amendment should be passed to overturn Citizens United.
The 99% are irrelevant.
Censoring scientific data is never justified.
The Department of Education should require year-round primary school.
Israel should preemptively strike Iran.
The US should do more to fight online piracy.
The Super Bowl is a waste of time.
The US should intervene in Juarez.
Revitalizing the manufacturing sector is key to long term economic stability.
Coke is better than Pepsi.
NV – 4/23/12 – IPDA PRIMER DRAFT –
NOT FOR REDISTROBUTIONTimingAC:5:00, CX:2:00, NC:6:00, CX:2:00, 1AR:3:00, NR:5:00, 2AR: 3:00.StrikingDebaters will be given five topics to select from. Topics are eliminated one at a time through the back and forth process of striking starting with the negative.
- Consider your position, what you know about your judge, as well as the specific language used.
- Start thinking of potential arguments from the moment you've read the resolutions.
- Use poorly written resolutions to your advantage! Look for superlatives or other cases where the debate is practically won prior to the round even beginning.
- Typically, metaphors should be avoided if you're negative, as they tend explode the affirmatives ground. The inverse is also true, but depends on the metaphor itself.PrepIPDA prep is 30 minutes long. You will typically have access to the internet, coaches, other competitors, etc during prep. Despite the likelihood of assistance during prep, do not waste time by waiting for someone to help you – dig in and start jotting down ideas for arguments, responses or questions to ask during CX, looking up evidence and statistics, etc.Case Construction
Structure and organization are key.
No single structure is set mandatory, and the below is provided as a common example.1) Resolutional Analysis / FrameworkThis is done by the affirmative, but can be argued against, or provided by the negative if the affirmative fails to do so.
- Define terms in the resolution
- Often definitions are contextual, however there will be instances when terms (or even the whole topic in case of metaphors) require definitions
- Identify case type
- IPDA cases are usually treated as either fact or value debates (rarely policy*). Key words to look for are “is” in the case of a fact, and “would” in the case of a value - while the word “should,” would usually imply a policy, it's typically treated as a value.
*Which is unfortunate, see my post on why policy topics are superior here.
- Provide a criterion
- This is the way the round ought to be evaluated. There are any number of criterion that can be used; with a fact round “preponderance of evidence," or "qualitative on balance" is usually safe, a value debate can be determined using a “best upholds," criterion, with a value specified (e.g. economic stability, security, human rights, etc). A criterion of "qualitative on balance" is also very common. Policy cases = better debate, again see this post. Policy rounds also allow for use of "net benefits" as a criterion, which allows any other weighing mechanism to operate within it.
- Establish burdens
- This is laying down the conditions under which either competitor can win the debate utilizing the criterion or criterion/value.2) Positions / Arguments / Points / ContentionsAim for having between two and four points well developed during prep time.Apply some sort of internal structure to the positions, e.g. “Point A,” “first point under this argument,” etc.Argument structure will vary but should always provide evidence, warrants, and impacts, even if you don't refer to them as such. There are a number of ways to structure the arguments, one possibility is as follows:
- X is going on right now and it's really messed up – provide supporting evidence
- Support resolution (i.e. supporting the resolution allows for BG issues to be addressed)
- This is where you talk about “why it matters,” or “this is important because...” - a significant portion of time should be spent here, as it gives the judge something to evaluate.
- Suggestions for ways to evaluate the import or outcomes of your positions can be (and borrowing from an NPDA a few years ago):
- large-scale events, or events that affect more people are more important than those that do not
- events that are more likely to occur are more important than events that are less likely to occur.
- time frame
- things that happen sooner are more important than things that happen later.3) RebuttalsThese speeches summarize the debate and tell the judge why you've won. While you should be weighing your arguments against your opponent from the first opportunity, these are the last speeches in the round, and thus, your last chance to win a ballot. Because the affirmative has twice the number of rebuttals, it makes sense for the affirmative to first address off-case, then address on-case with the second rebuttal.Notes
- Offensive argumentation is always going to be preferable to defensive argumentation. Turn positions (i.e. have them work against your opponent), rather than mitigate when possible.
- Utilizing CX time effectively can be a way of granting yourself what is equivalent to two additional minutes of argumentation. Offense before defense.
- An argument dropped is an argument conceded.
- While filling up your time will usually work to your advantage, there's no need to repeat yourself. If you've gone over everything and have nothing left to say during a speech or CX, “I concede the remainder of my time,” or “thank you, no further questions,” is completely appropriate.
- Don't be a jerk.
- If all else fails, smile and bat your eyelashes.
Round One – Flight A
1. The US should significantly reduce foreign aid to Israel.
2. The US should be able to hold talks with Hamas.
3. Facebook should put privacy before profits.
4. Google is king.
5. A guilty conscience needs no accuser.
Round One - Flight B
1. The UN should recognize Palestine as a full member state.
2. The US should negotiate with terrorists.
3. The right to privacy is more important than the right to free speech.
4. Microsoft is King.
5. A happy heart is better than a full purse
Round Two - Flight A
1. Citizens United v. the FEC should be overturned.
2. The Bush tax cuts should be extended.
3. China should take significant steps to address climate change.
4. Foreign policy is more important than domestic policy.
5. Beauty and Honesty Seldom Agree.
Round Two - Flight B
1. Corporations should be stripped of their first amendment rights.
2. The USFG should implement a flat tax system.
3. The US should take significant steps to address climate change.
4. Thought is more important than action.
5. Every ass loves to hear himself bray.
Round Three - Flight A
1. Israel should abandon its first strike policy.
2. The US should make significant changes to its immigration policy.
3. The US should significantly invest in its technology infrastructure.
4. Democracy is dead.
5. Fools and madmen speak the truth.
Round Three - Flight B
1. Israel should stop building settlements in the West Bank
2. The US should abandon the “war on drugs.”
3. The US should significantly invest in its transportation infrastructure.
4. Give socialism a chance.
5. He is an ill companion that has a good memory
Round Four – Flight A
1. The US should significantly decrease its use of weaponized drones.
2. The US should mandate year-round public schooling.
3. Public schools are better for education than charter schools.
4. Cheaters never prosper.
5. He Lives Long Who Lives Well
Round Four – Flight B
1. The US should significantly decrease its military spending.
2. The Senate should confirm US Ambassador Rice for the next Secretary of State.
3. Public education services are more important than public safety services.
4. Hard work pays off.
5. Virtue is its own reward.
Round Five – Flight A
1. The USFG should repeal DOMA.
2. The USFG should significantly reform Medicare.
3. A technical argument is better than an easily accessible argument.
4. Mother knows best.
5. Money makes the world go around.
Round Five – Flight B
1. The US Senate should disallow the silent filibuster.
2. The USFG should significantly reform Social Security.
3. The ability to speak well preferable to the ability to write well.
4. Respect thy father.
5. The nearer to the church, the farther from God.
SF – Flight A
1. The USFG should remove marijuana from the Controlled Substances Act.
2. The House should pass the Senate’s tax plan.
3. Technology is making us less human.
4. Organic or bust!
5. Opportunities always look bigger going than coming
SF – Flight B
1. The USFG should take steps to prevent legalized marijuana possession from going into effect in Washington and Colorado.
2. The US should go over the fiscal cliff.
3. Technology will provide the answer.
4. Eat local!
5. Pain is temporary, victory is forever.
1. Mohammed Morsi should reverse his decree.
2. The US should engage militarily in Syria.
3. Progressive policy is better for America than conservative policy.
4. Lowering income inequality is more important than a healthy economy.
5. A little learning is a dangerous thing.